Unlike learning to talk, reading must be explicitly taught. For some students, reading difficulties are due to lack of exposure to books and oral reading or to poor reading instruction. For others, reading difficulties are due to dyslexia, sometimes called ‘reading disability’ or ‘specific learning disorder’. Learn more about the signs of dyslexia.
Early identification and effective intervention is critical.
Early and effective intervention means that the student doesn’t miss out on vocabulary and comprehension skills that develop through reading practice in the primary grades. It also prevents the loss of self-esteem as well as the social consequences of reading failure.
Structured literacy instruction (Orton-Gillingham approach) is the most effective intervention.